Strong and Happy Women

28 Year old Christine De Juan, staying far from her family in Manila for more than 6 years struggles for the bright future of the family.

 

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Strong and Happy Women

The Wall, a message of Peace

(The following article was written as part of my final paper for the on campus session we had with Dr.V. Dr.V lectured us on history and journalism. In our class discussions I asked Dr. V for some guidance on our research paper we had to write for history and he send me in the direction of  Camp Aguinaldo. I was inspired by the Bandido movement in media, the art around the camp and I completed the paper on this topic.

During our Multimedia on campus class, I took the chance to head out to meet Ag Sano early on a Sunday morning, he was the main artist behind this wall mural. I wish I had more time to complete the story when I was in Manila, but the research has started and this is definitely a story that I will keep researching and hopefully one day when I get back to Manila, will be able to complete.

The video is not complete. There is still a lot of work to be done. I would like to contact the site owners of the archival sites where I found footage and old documents and photographs and ask for permission to use the archive footage and soundbites. I need permission.  This is a time consuming process and hopefully, when I have time I can pursue it. A process started.

If anyone wants to read the complete paper, just drop me a message. Lizane)

 

The wall, A message of peace

A peaceful revolution speared by media. This Bandido movement inspired the world’s largest art mural around a military camp.

 

The walls around Camp Aguinaldo, Quezon City. Philippines. The world’s largest peace memorial. Photo Lizane Louw

The brush strokes and colors on this wall, the longest peace wall in the world, speak of peace.

“Prayers and rosaries strengthened by faith were the only weapons that the Filipinos used to recover their freedom from President Ferdinand Marcos’s iron hands.” EDSA People Power Revolution, Philippine History.

Both revolutions took place on Epifanio de Los Santos Avenue in Quezon City. Manila. This is also home to Camp Aguinaldo, the headquarters of the armed forces of the Philippines.

Positive Peace-themed images guard Camp Aguinaldo today. The colorful mural run along EDSA, Epifanio de Los Santos Avenue, White Plains Avenue, and Col. Bonny Serrano Avenue in Quezon City.

 

The colorful walls of Camp Aguinaldo, are talking to those who pass it by every day. It is speaking a language of peace through art.

“Lakbay Para Sa Kapayapaan an EDSA,” or in English “A Journey of Peace in EDSA” spans 3.77 kilometers. The artworks on the walls are symbols for Bayanihan (Solidarity with the People), Pagmamahal a Bayan (Love for Country), and Kapayapaan (Peace).

The wall tells stories of peace, stories of Bayanihan, solidarity in solving armed conflicts, it promotes awareness of cultural diversity, difference, and ethnicity. The wall art speaks of Philippine history. The paintbrushes of the community were used to encourage peace building, the work aims to foster cultural and religious understanding, tolerance and appreciation.

It is a 4 km symbol of hope of the people of this city. With images of friendship, peace, and unity, famous Philippine landmarks like the Chocolate Hills in Bohol and the Mayon Volcano in Albay, it also paints pictures of love, understanding, and reconciliation.

The aim of the wall is to promote peace, unity, understanding and acceptance, among races, religions, and cultures.

The project was a joint effort of the AFP, the Office of the Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process, the Dolphins Love Freedom Movement, and the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority.

On May 26, 2013, people from all walks of life came together to paint this work of art. The mural was inaugurated on was July 27, 2013.

“Collective memory helps bring the past into the present, strengthens protest identities, provides shared meanings to different social movements and allows the imagination of alternatives to the current system.” (Quinsaat S, 2016).

The wall is an artwork representing collective memory, portraying a memory of a dark history and reminding the citizens of their power and strength.

18 November 2016, Heroes’ Cemetery. Manila

 “Protesters shout anti-Marcos slogans denouncing the burial of former Philippine dictator Ferdinand Marcos at the Libingan ng mga Bayani (heroes’ cemetery), along a main street in Taft avenue, metro Manila, Philippines November 18, 2016. REUTERS. Photo Romeo Ranoco. Reuters

EDSA and the monuments on the site of Peoples Power Revolution were in the news again in the past week. Ferdinand Marcos received a hero’s burial in the city of Manila. His body was laid to rest at ‘Libingan ng Mga Bayani’ (LNMB) or heroes’ cemetery, about 18km from where the revolution took place.

“The main call of protesters at the People Power Monument grand rally on Wednesday, November 30, is for the government to exhume Ferdinand Marcos’ remains from the Libingan ng Mga Bayani” (Paison, 2016)

Various peaceful protests in Manila reflect the sentiment that the general public is not happy about the current government’s decision to bury Marcos in the cemetery made for heroes.

Rallies are planned not only in Manila and the rest of the Philippines but also abroad.

Again today the media, social network sites like Facebook and Twitter will be very active and be part of a collective movement.

The symbolism for the nation is important. The EDSA Revolution and the fight for freedom will definitely echo in the streets around EDSA today. For years this has been a space of power for the people. Even in a yearly commemoration of the EDSA Revolution.

FEBRUARY 25, 2016 marked the 30th anniversary of the Peoples Power Revolution. “Movement participants in the EDSA Revolution has seized the opportunity of the 30th anniversary to construct a collective memory of the uprising and the Marcos dictatorship, not only as a cure to historical amnesia and authoritarian nostalgia, but also as a means of reclaiming the “power to the people” that was lost with the proclamation of a member of a landed political dynasty as president, after the departure of the Marcos’s.” Government Philipines.

Today on 30th of November 2016, protests will show the immediacy, power, influence and effect the media has on social change and events important for a growing democracy.

Since November 18, citizens has come together and shared the collective energy and stood together against Marcos, for the second time in history. The sentiments of Bayanihan (Solidarity with the People), Pagmamahal a Bayan (Love for Country), and Kapayapaan (Peace) will echo in the streets of Manila and the world once more.

“Students flash the thumbs down sign as they burn an effigy of the late dictator Ferdinand Marcos during a rally near the Presidential Palace to condemn last week’s burial Marcos at the Heroes’ Cemetery Friday, Nov. 25, 2016 in Manila, Philippines. Long-dead Marcos was buried last Friday at the country’s Heroes’ Cemetery in a secrecy-shrouded ceremony, a move approved by President Rodrigo Duterte that infuriated supporters of the “people power” revolt that ousted Marcos three decades ago. AP/Bullit Marquez” AP

 

 Interesting facts:

These facts where found in the article “29 interesting facts about the EDSA revolution.” Phillstar.com

  • “People Power Revolution” is also tagged as the “EDSA Revolution,” “Yellow Revolution,” “Bloodless Revolution” and “1986 Philippine Revolution.”

 

  • “Despite the presence of tank-riding soldiers and big guns, not a single shot was fired. Thus, People Power Revolution was the first nonviolent, bloodless revolution that ever took place.”

 

  • “Tie a Yellow Ribbon” was Ninoy’s comeback song. Because he was assassinated upon walking off the plane, the Filipinos took their cue from the song and since then used color yellow as their symbol of rebellion.”

 

  • “The L hand symbol (done by extending the thumb and the index finger pointing up) means “laban” (to fight). It was the eminent hand gesture of protesters during the revolution.”

 

  • “Aside from wearing yellow clothes and tying yellow ribbons on trees and posts, phone directories (which is color yellow) were ripped apart on demonstrations and were used as confetti.”

 

  • “After hearing the news that Marcos had already abandoned the palace, Fidel Ramos was the one who announced to the thick crowd the good news, while jumping with joy. Up to now, the jumping he did is still symbolic in EDSA celebrations.”

 

  • “On the day Marcos and his family departed the country for exile in Hawaii, Corazon Aquino was inaugurated as the 11th and the first female president of the Philippines.”

 

References:

I have been researching this story for a while and collected some interesting sources on storify. This can be found here:

https://storify.com/LizaneLouw/a-message-of-peace

DSA People Power Revolution. (n.d.). Retrieved November 30, 2016, from http://www.philippine-history.org/edsa-people-power-revolution.htm

Enriquez, Elizabeth L. 2006. Media as Site of Social Struggle: The Role of Philippine Radio and Television in the EDSA Revolt of 1986 – Plaridel Journal. Retrieved November, 2016, from http://www.plarideljournal.org/article/media-as-site-of-social-struggle-the-role-of-philippine-radio-and-television-in-the-edsa-revolt-of-1986/

Global Nonviolent Action Database. (n.d.). Retrieved November 30, 2016, from http://nvdatabase.swarthmore.edu/content/filipinos-campaign-overthrow-dictator-people-power-1983-1986

77 Hours: The Behind-the-Scenes at the 1986 EDSA People Power Revolution. (n.d.). Retrieved November 30, 2016, from http://www.positivelyfilipino.com/magazine/2013/2/77-hours-the-behind-the-scenes-at-the-1986-edsa-people-power-revolution

(n.d.). Key players in the 1986 People Power Revolution. Retrieved November 2016, from http://www.rappler.com/newsbreak/iq/122057-key-players-1986-people-power-revolution

29 interesting facts about the EDSA revolution. (n.d.). Retrieved November 30, 2016, from http://www.philstar.com/news-feature/2015/02/25/1425819/29-interesting-facts-about-edsa-revolution

McGeown, K. (n.d.). People Power at 25: Long road to Philippine democracy. Retrieved November 2016, from http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-pacific-12567320

Mydans, S. (2001). ‘People Power II’ Doesn’t Give Filipinos the Same Glow. Retrieved November, 2016, from http://www.nytimes.com/2001/02/05/world/people-power-ii-doesn-t-give-filipinos-the-same-glow.html

A History of the Philippine Political Protest | GOVPH. Retrieved November 2016, from http://www.gov.ph/edsa/the-ph-protest/

The Story of EDSA 2. (n.d.). Retrieved November 2016, from http://twist14.tripod.com/edsa2/thestory.html

Posted by: cmfr Posted on: February 25, 2011, 4:46 pm. (n.d.). The truth shall set us free: The role of Church-owned radio stations in the Philippines. Retrieved November 2016, from http://cmfr-phil.org/media-ethics-responsibility/ethics/the-truth-shall-set-us-free-the-role-of-church-owned-radio-stations-in-the-philippines/

Presidential Museum and Library, Official Tumbler Page. http://tumblr.malacanang.gov.ph/page/2

The 1986 People Power Revolution. (n.d.). Retrieved November, 2016, from https://www.mtholyoke.edu/~guing22f/classweb/The1986PeoplePowerRevolution/page11/timeline of events/timelineofevents.html

The Return to a Democratic Nation: The 1986 People’s Power Revolution. (n.d.). Retrieved November, 2016, from http://14198666.weebly.com/

Group A – People’s Power Revolution Podcast. (n.d.). Retrieved November 30, 2016, from https://soundcloud.com/visioningtechdiplomacy/group-a-peoples-power

Quinsaat, S. 2016. Tag Archives: People Power Revolution. (n.d.). Retrieved November 2016, from https://mobilizingideas.wordpress.com/tag/people-power-revolution/

 

 

The Wall, a message of Peace

How Sri Lanka Copes With Rice Shortages?

Worst drought in four decades; affects nearly 1 million people

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Despite the start of monsoon rain and arrival of rice imports, fears of rice shortages prevail in Sri Lanka.

As a result of drought during the past five months, Water reservoirs are low. Some are down to one fifth of their capacity.

Farmers have only planted a third of the usual 800,000 hectares of paddy for rice in the big ‘Maha’ season. The lowest in 30 years.

Hector Kobbekaduwa of the Agrarian Research and Training Institute said Sri Lanka needs 2.3 million MT of rice a year.  The current projections estimate 1.44 Million of rice production.

Hambantota farmers blame drought and govt for rice shortage

Hambantota is one of the badly affected rice growing areas in Sri Lanka. Finally, the rains started to revive the paddy field after several months of dry hot weather.

But for farmers damage has been already done in the big season.

“In our Mayurapura area in Mahawali zone all tanks dried up and our entire work (agriculture) come to a halt because of the lack of water,” Lionel Weeravansa , farmer said. “In Mayurapura zone this time we are only able to do paddy in between 50 to 60 acres because of drought. Otherwise we do 2000 to 3000 acres.”

Farmers say the weather and a corrupt supply system creates undue hardships.

“Last year the rain was not good , this year it is many times worse. Because of the drought We have too many debts to pay” says Wimalasena Gamage.

“We grow the paddy , after harvesting we give it to black market Mudalalis (businessmen) and receive the money. If government fixes a price of rice per kilo for 45 rupees, we have to bear lots of expenditure in between and with the commission to Mudalalis some time we end up selling for 28 rupees per kilo,” said farmer

Wimalasiri Gamage. <What’s this about fixed sale price?>

World Food Programme estimated over 900,000 people face acute food insecurity status.

Minister of Trade and Commerce Risard Bathiudeen said in a statement that the government has imported 86,000 tons of rice as a precaution to avert shortages.

“ By importing we can’t control cost of living. Singapore is the best example. They depend on 100% imports. Can you afford to live in that country?” says S. Madhan, 31, a rice trader in Pettah.

Furthermore, rice traders say unavailability of integrated data is one of the reasons for the uncertainty in the market.

“In India farmers and traders know the price of agricultural items such as onions though that is a huge country. But in Sri Lanka we don’t have the data.” says S. Madhan, 31, a rice trader in Pettah. He worked as a trader for nearly ten years in Mannarkudi in Tamil Nadu, India.

The Monsoon rain is expected to continue.  But it is unclear whether it is enough to do paddy cultivation for the upcoming Yala season.

“ Last Maha season, the production was low because of the drought which we experienced during the last several months in 2016. And on the other hand 2017, Yala season also still not too sure about how the production going to be.So that is the reason why there are talk about looming food shortage.” syas Lalith Chandrapala, Director General of Meteorology.

 

 

 

 

 

How Sri Lanka Copes With Rice Shortages?